CAREER ORIENTATION QUEST 

 

http://www.saqa.org.za/docs/misc/2014/Career-Questionnaire.pdf

 

Source: Careers.co.za URL:http://careers.co.za/careers/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=34&Itemid=63

 

CAREER ORIENTATION QUEST
You can print this document and do the exercises in your own time
Introduction
The world of work is part of our lives from the day that we are born. When one grows up you
gradually becomes aware of this phenomenon. The first introduction is usually through
parents and close family members or friends of the family. Later when you enter school, your
knowledge in this regard expands. What you realise from the outset is that most people have
to work at least three-quarters of their lifespan. It will be unsatisfactory and frustrating if you
have to engage in activities that you do not like or find hard to do.
But how do people make career or work-life choices? What are the factors you have to take
into consideration? According to research and experience some of the most important
indicators of success and happiness in respect of career choices seem to relate to finding
work-related activities that you would like to do and can do easily.
The following process will try and help you to explore what you think you would find
interesting and what you think you will be able to do easily, or easily learn to do.
What do I find interesting?
The world of work can be divided into different areas. These areas can be more formally
according to the specific sectors of the economy, or it can be according to areas or groups of
work activities that people find interesting and like to engage in.
Below you will find descriptions of 21 such Work Areas. Read the description of the Work
Area and activities listed under each in order to identify the ones that interests you. Circle the
Yes next to the work areas you would like to work in or the No if you would dislike working in
that specific environment.
A: Language & Communication
In this work area the use of language and communication (either written or orally) is the
major focus. If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Writing for a newspaper
• Doing translations
• Reading news reports on the radio or TV
• Writing stories or poetry
• Writing advertisements and scripts for TV, film and radio commercials
B: Applied/Visual Arts
In the work area relating to the visual or applied arts, activities where you have to create,
design and express yourself (e.g. sculpture, graphic design, and photography), are the major
focus. If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Taking photos for a magazine or newspaper
• Drawing and designing buildings
• Decorating the interior of houses
• Creating works of art
• Designing clothes
C: Performing Arts
In this work area the activities entail mostly performing, producing, directing, dancing, playing
music instruments etc. that relate to entertainment . If you are interested in this area, you
would probably enjoy
• Learning to play a musical instrument
• Acting in a play or film
• Dancing and singing in a musical
• Directing a TV series or film
• Selecting and playing popular CD’s at a radio station
D: Marketing & Direct Sales
This work area entails activities of a sales, marketing and promotional nature If you are
interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Selling goods from door to door
• Purchasing and selling anything
• Making purchases on behalf of a shop or business
• Studying the needs of consumers
• Introducing consumers to new products
E: Management & Planning
This work area entails activities where you have to lead and influence others and engage in
strategic planning If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Supervising the activities of people
• Influencing others to accept your point of view
• Planning other people’s work
• Managing a big project or task
• Acting as the leader of a group of people
F: Clerical & Secretarial
The clerical and secretarial work areas entail organized and clearly defined activities
primarily in an office setting If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Doing routine tasks
• Typing business letters and reports
• Filing documents
• Receiving and sending off documents and parcels
• Arranging appointments
G: Numerical & Financial Transactions
This work area requires a preference for accuracy and attention to detail that relate to
numerical and financial material If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Working with figures most of the time
• Keeping careful record of financial transactions
• Checking the financial statements of a company
• Drawing up the budget of a business
• Keeping record of the costs of a shop
H: Nature (Plants & Animals)
The activities in this work area involve working with plants and animals, usually in an outdoor
setting and it primarily relates to physical work If you are interested in this area, you would
probably enjoy
• Working on a farm with crops or cattle
• Preparing a vegetable garden
• Looking after animals
• Working in a nursery
• Trying to conserve the environment
I: Building & Construction
The building and construction work area entail activities relating to the planning and direct
construction or development of buildings (e.g. manual labour, surveying) If you are interested
in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Planning and overseeing building projects
• Preparing estimates of the costs involved in constructing a building
• Tiling floors of buildings and houses
• Building and repairing houses
• Construction of big buildings and roads
J: Manufacturing, Repairing and Servicing Machines
This work area entails activities where you use your hands to apply mechanical principles to
practical situations (e.g. to manufacture, repair and service machines). If you are interested
in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Fixing the engine of a motor car
• Installing and repairing things that work with electricity
• Mending broken things
• Doing woodwork or other handwork
• Using technical tools
K: Engineering & Related Technologies
This work area entails activities relating to designing, planning, manufacturing and managing
systems, equipment and components used in the engineering and related areas. If you are
interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Designing mechanical equipment
• Manufacturing and maintaining electrical/electronic equipment
• Designing and manufacturing systems and components in the telecommunication
area
• Monitoring and operating instruments (e.g. electronic, mechanical etc.) and systems
• Manufacturing and installing technical instruments
L: Information Technology/Computer Science
Entail activities in the computer and information technology work environment (e.g.
programming, system development, databases, and networks) .If you are interested in this
area, you would probably enjoy
• Writing computer programs
• Developing data bases
• Developing systems to solve problems with the help of computers
• Designing and installing computer equipment
• Design and implement computer systems
M: Natural Science & Mathematics
This work area relates to activities where it is necessary to discover, collect and analyze
information about the natural and life sciences (e.g. biology, physiology, chemistry, geology,
physics, and mathematics). If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Conducting experiments in a science laboratory
• Studying plants or animals
• Using knowledge of maths and statistics in your work
• Studying physical or chemistry science matters
• Using a microscope
N: Health Science & Technology
This work area entails activities relating to medical science and technology that mostly refers
to medical matters. If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Studying the human body
• Treating people with ailments or injuries
• Mixing and preparing medicine
• Studying the causes of diseases
• Treating animals with ailments
O: Social & Economic Sciences
This area mainly consists of activities in the social and economic sciences where you have
to understand people and investigate and describe economic matters. If you are interested in
this area, you would probably enjoy
• Studying the behavior of humans
• Analysing and describing economic issues
• Reading history books
• Studying the culture and life style of human societies
• Conducting public opinion surveys and interpreting the results
P: Law
The law work area entails activities relating to legal issues in order to advise and represent
others in this connection. If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Giving advice to people regarding their rights and obligations
• Presenting cases in court
• Speaking in public
• Studying legislation documents
• Identifying facts from irrelevant detail
Q: Education & Social Services
This work area entails activities where you have to teach and help others with their problems
(e.g. mental, social, vocational). If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Teaching children or adults
• Helping people with their problems
• Looking after children
• Doing voluntary work in poverty stricken communities
• Attending to the spiritual needs of people
R: Nursing & Caring
The nursing and caring work area consists of activities relating to the physical needs and
welfare of others. If you are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Caring for the sick
• Giving first aid to people
• Working as a nurse in a hospital
• Assisting physically disabled people to function independently
• Attending to the needs of babies or small children
S: Sport
This work area entails activities of a physical nature through sport. If you are interested in
this area, you would probably enjoy
• Training people to play sport
• Demonstrating exercises to help people keep fit
• Organizing and coordinating sports events
• Officiating at a sport event (rugby, soccer, tennis, etc.)
• Taking part in competitive sports events to become a professional
T: Law Enforcement & Protection Services
In this work area you have to engage in activities where you have to enforce laws and
regulations in order to protect people and property. If you are interested in this area, you
would probably enjoy
• Protecting the country
• Maintaining law and order
• Ensuring that people obey the traffic rules
• Working as a guard at a prison
• Protecting buildings against fire
U: Personal Services
This work area primarily relates to activities where you have to provide services for the
convenience of others (e.g. hospitality services in hotels, restaurants, and airplanes). If you
are interested in this area, you would probably enjoy
• Looking after the needs and comfort of passengers in an airplane
• Rendering catering services
• Offering and maintaining cleaning services for big companies
• Transporting people by bus or car
• Running a guest house
Go to www.careers.co.za and look up the careers linked to these work areas. You will find
them under the heading: Occupations
If you still uncertain, do the Online Career Assessment on www.careers.co.za which will
assist you through a questionnaire to explore the World of Work.
It is important to remember that you need more than just interest in a work area to be
successful!
What activities can I do easily or easily learn to do?
A skill is usually described as something you can do well. But how does one gain skills?
Experience in performing certain activities in a specific area or environment as well as
education and training usually provides one with a set of procedures for working with that
knowledge. These procedures are usually referred to when people apply the term skills.
Skills may be perceived and described in different ways. Usually we define basic skills or
occupation specific skills and cross-functional or transferable skills.
• Basic skills refer to skills and knowledge that are required to work in specific areas or
environments
• Cross-functional or transferable ("portable") skills are those that are common to more
than one area or environment and that enable individuals to move successfully from
one occupation to another.
Below you will find descriptions of eight broad skill areas. Read the activities listed under
each area and decide which ones you think you are good at or can easily learn to do. Circle
the Yes next to the skill areas you think you are good at or can easily learn to do or the No
next to the skill areas you think you are not good at or cannot easily learn to do.
Practical Skills
When you have practical skills you will be able to get things done in a practical way and be
able to work with your hands, using tools machinery and equipment to build construct and
repair things.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Work with your hands
• Use tools
• Fix things
• Do woodwork or needlework
• Work outside
Artistic/Creative Skills
When you have artistic skill you will be able to express your ideas and feelings creatively in
order to produce works of art.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Perform in front of an audience
• Draw, paint or sketch
• Design and draw buildings
• Play a musical instrument
• Take photos
Social or People Skills
When you have social or people skills you will be able to help individuals with their mental,
spiritual, social, physical, or vocational concerns.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Understand and help people with their problems
• Teach or coach people
• Look after children
• Care for sick people
• See to the comfort of people on a plane
Entrepreneurial and Marketing Skills
When you have entrepreneurial and marketing skills you will be able to innovate business
and promote certain products and persuade people to buy it.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Sell goods
• Promote certain products
• Run a business
• Think of ways to make money
• To persuade people of a point of view
Managerial Skills
When you have managerial skills you will be able to lead and influence people and manage
processes and people and their activities.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Supervise the work of others
• Lead a team
• Manage a big project
• Plan the activities of a group of people
• Do strategic planning

Administrative Skills
When you have administrative skills you will be able to apply yourself to organized, clearly
defined activities requiring accuracy and attention to detail, primarily in an office setting.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Keep things orderly
• Work accurately on routine tasks
• File documents
• Type letters and reports
• Keep careful record of employees leave
Scientific Skills
When you have scientific skills you will be able to use logical and scientific thinking to solve
many different problems in medicine, the life sciences, the natural sciences, and the social
and economic sciences and to develop new ideas and theories and to understand and
express complex technical and scientific information.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Solve difficult problems
• Find information and facts
• Apply knowledge of maths or statistics
• Do experiments
• Analyse data
Language and Communication Skills
When you have language and communication skills you will be able to communicate fluently
in writing or speech.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Write stories
• Translate written material
• Write the script for a play
• Interpret foreign languages
• Read the news or present a programme on TV/radio
Numerical Skills
When you have numerical skills you will be able to work with precision and accuracy on
numerical (computational) tasks.
You are probably good at or can easily learn to
• Do the financial planning of an organisation
• Calculate the income and expenses of a business
• Work as a cashier in the bank
• Pay out the salaries of personnel
• Keep careful record of sales
Remember the combination of your interest and skills may help you to identify
occupations, which you can successfully pursue. Summary of the Work Areas you
preferred
Mark the Work Areas in the table below which you indicated in the questionnaire that you
liked/preferred
A: Language & Communication
L: Information Technology / Computer Science
B: Applied/Visual Arts
M: Natural Science & Mathematics
C: Performing Arts
N: Health Science & Technology
D: Marketing & Direct Sales
O: Social & Economic Sciences
E: Management & Planning
P: Law
F: Clerical & Secretarial
Q: Education & Social Services
G: Numerical & Financial Transactions
R: Nursing & Caring
H: Nature (Plants & Animals)
S: Sport
I: Building & Construction
T: Law Enforcement & Protection Services
J: Manufacturing, Repairing and Servicing Machines
U: Personal Services
K: Engineering & Related Technologies
Go to www.careers.co.za and look up the careers linked to these work areas. You will find
them under the heading: Occupations
Prioritize your chosen Work Areas in the following table:
Name of Work Area